The Right Way in Autoclave Operation

Autoclave is a lab instrument that can also be owned by individual and manufacturer. In laboratory this instrument is used to sterilize hazardous microorganisms and others. Sterilization means the destruction of microorganism life including spores, viruses, and others. This instrument must be checked regularly to know whether it is working properly or not. If the steam does not directly contact the hazardous materials, the microorganisms are not destroyed by the autoclaving process. To validate the effectiveness of sterilization process you ought to perform vials test. You need to perform this quality control monthly. You also have to clean the unit regularly depending on the items that have been autoclaved. All items that are going to be sterilized must be placed inside the tray. The tray must be able to handle the items from boiling over, falling, and spilling into the chamber. Make sure that the items that you are going to sterilize are autoclaveable. Pay special attention to hazardous liquids. The vessel must be twice larger than the liquid inside. This is to prevent spilling when the liquid is boiling inside the chamber. The caps must be loosened to prevent vessel breakage. You have to put garbage inside autoclave bags and trays of 5 inch sides. Autoclave is an instrument that has a risk in usage. This instrument generates a lot of energy in the sterilization process. There are many possibilities of injury that can happen to the user. To prevent the possible injury caused by the incorrect usage of this instrument, you have to follow the steps below. 1. Wear apron, gloves, and glasses to handle hot vessels....

Operation Kitchen Makeover

The modern kitchen traces its roots to the invention of the stove, along with the technological advancements made in the areas of plumbing and piping systems which made water accessible inside the house. An open fire used to be the only means by which food could be cooked before the stove was invented in the 18th century. Food heating technology improved further in the 19th century, which contributed to the evolution of the modern kitchen as we know it today. The kitchen is an important part of our house. Even the most beautiful house with the most luxurious furniture and fixtures and the most modern appliances would look dreadful if it has a hideous kitchen. Hideousness does not only pertain to the visual appeal of your kitchen. It also has to do with the arrangement of your cabinets and appliances relative to each other and the layout design. If you are unhappy about your kitchen, there is a way to fix your problem: remodeling. The U-shape, L-shape, double L-shape, Galley design, peninsula kitchen, G-shape, Island kitchen, and straight kitchen are among some of the most popular designs used in constructing a kitchen work triangle. This would depend on the size of your kitchen, of course. An interior decorator or a kitchen remodeler will walk you through the most suitable design for you depending on your needs, the traffic in your kitchen, and so on. If you have a medium-size kitchen, a galley type remodel (Minneapolis) would give you the space you need to move freely because the kitchen cupboards are organized systematically. An assortment of kitchen cabinets can be...

Gold Processing Plant And Operation

The Chatree Gold Processing Plant uses a simple, proven ore dressing technique called Carbon-in-Leach (CIL) which has a capacity of processing approximately 2.3 million tonnes of ore per annum (2.3mtpa). This technique takes low-grade gold mineralised rock, containing 1-2 grams of gold per tonne of rock, which is then crushed into a fine powder in the plant’s grinding circuit. Water and reagents for extracting gold, including a weak cyanide solution, are then mixed with the powdered rock and activated carbon to separate approximately 90% of the gold and 35-45% of the silver. The gold-silver product is then poured as “dor” bars. The dor is refined in Hong Kong into the pure gold (999 fine gold) and pure silver necessary to sell the product on the international market. The fine powdered waste is stored in a tailings storage facility (TSF) and most of the water and reagents are recycled for further use. Non-toxic host minerals including carbonate, chlorite, clay and silica exist with the gold which means that processing can occur without generating any chemical complexes that are difficult to manage. The most common leaching agent used in the gold industry is sodium cyanide. Any cyanide that is not able to be recycled within the plant is chemically destroyed to non-toxic total cyanide levels of 5-10 parts per million (ppm) – similar to that contained in a cup of instant coffee – and contained for further breakdown in the tailings storage facility. The current Chatree Gold Processing Plant uses conventional processes to treat a free milling gold ore. The plant is comprised of the following unit operations: Crushing – primary...

Operation Wireless Security Cameras

A favorite Austin landmark, for both locals and visitors, is Lady Bird Lake. It was formally known as Town Lake. The Colorado River runs through the downtown area. It is great for the scenery and also for as a place to work out. The trails around the shoreline are popular for walking and biking and the trails are never empty. It has been a favorite among walkers, runners, and bikers since the 1970s when the trails were built. In Texas, it is one of the oldest urban hike and bike paths, and it still maintains its popularity and purpose for recreation. Unfortunately, due to the popularity and crowded location, this has become a hot spot for theft. People sometimes leave their cars unlocked while the run, so they won’t have to worry about working out and holding their keys. Valuables such as cell phones were being stolen from cars. The Austin Police Department set up a sting to catch some of the thieves that lurk around Lady Bird Lake. The police set up designated cars in the parking areas around the trails. The cars were set up with wireless security cameras in them to catch the thieves while in action and to monitor their behavior to see what they were targeting for theft. The footage being recorded from the wireless security cameras was viewed from another location nearby so the police could spring into action quickly without being detected right away. In one of the cars, the police left the car keys in the car. A thief saw the keys in the car and sure enough made an attempt...

Optimum Operation of Optimism

The optimum operation of optimism is the best way to achieve success. If you are not operating with optimism, you had better find ways that will permit it. Operating without optimism has the disadvantage of squelching creative juices. You must be free to think outside the box for optimum operation. This is difficult to do when enthusiasm is below warp speed. Thoughts of difficulty to overcome obstacles can put the brakes on vision. You must to be free to dream to create new concepts. When doubt creeps in, creativity often comes to a screeching halt. Wait until calamities have hit bottom and it appears that the worst has passed. When the pressure is off, your thinking will become clear.  Working with the same old thing has its advantages. It permits perfecting present concepts, making them more efficient, and obtaining the most you can get from them. We are creatures of habit and routine, and we love operating in our comfort level. The time comes, however, when we have used up all our fresh ideas, and the whole thing becomes stagnant. Coming out of your comfort level can be scary. Unfamiliar territory is difficult to navigate. Things are no longer second nature. Automatic pilot is out of the question. Thinking of different ways of doing things is painful. If you never have the courage to come out of your rut, you will never grow. You will eventually become comfortable with your new environment, however, so hang in there.  Give yourself permission to dream while you are still in your comfort level. Learn about what interests you and make plans for...
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