Medical malpractice is committed by a doctor if he failed to exercise the standard of care a doctor in the same line of expertise. (I.e. surgeon has a different standard of care than the chiropractor or both are held different standard of care than a person that is not a doctor). The meaning of Medical Standard of care is a degree of care that a reasonable person should exercise. If the doctor conducted and met the acceptable standard of care, malpractice is not committed. Knowing if the doctor is responsible for medical malpractice is a hard and a long time process that needs thorough investigation and expert witness and testimonies.
Medical malpractice lawsuit purpose is to compensate the person injured by the medical practitioners. It was a long and very tiring process taking care pursuing a medical malpractices case. However, there are excellent medical malpractices attorneys who can help you take care with your issues and help you through the legal process. With their professional advice and assistance, you can go through the procedure in a less hard way. It is also costly for the doctor even if he wins the case that is why the fear of malpractice avoided doctor to commit mistakes or negligence causing for having a good quality of health care. It serves a warning to doctors to conduct any ways that will result injury to patients. They will be more cautious and making sure not to make mistakes to avoid any penalty and legal proceedings.
A reminder though that some thinks that avoiding malpractice does not much contribute in medical care improvement as other doctors became defensive that leads to more laboratory testing and other measures to make sure a true standard of care. It is good as preventive for malpractice case but not in a big help as it is harder and long process not to mention involved substantial cost.